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Crafty DIY #1: How to make a peg loom

November 13, 2011

After an inspirational guild meeting where we were shown how to use a simple peg loom, my husband and I decided to give making one a go. With a design based partly on a wonderful article called “How to weave a woollen underblanket” by John Adams in Permaculture magazine, this loom was made using items we already had hanging about and took about an hour to make in total! It will be used for weaving fabric strips and unspun fleece into lovely thick rugs and bottom warmers for long country walks.

The directions below are specific to this loom but are infinitely adaptable to whatever wood you can find.

To make this loom you will need:

  • A length of 12mm hardwood dowelling long enough to cut 15 x 6″ (15cm) long pegs (12 for the loom, 3 spare)
  • 18″ (45cm) length of 45mm x 45mm smooth planed pine for the loom base
  • 3mm drill bit
  • countersink drill bit
  • 13mm drill bit (either kind shown)
  • Sharp pencil
  • Jute twine
  • Clamps
  • Ruler
  • Sandpaper

Workmate or knee to hold wood steady

Small boy is optional.

Step 1

Sand the ends of the dowel pegs and loom base to remove any rough edges.

Step 2

Mark a centre line along the length of the loom base.

Along this line, measure intervals of 1 1/4 inch. These mark where the holes will be for the pegs. We left a larger gap at each end of the loom to allow for clamps.

Mark your drill bit 1 inch from the end to ensure the holes are all even depth (blue nail polish works well).

We drilled our holes 1 inch (25mm) deep. The holes need to be deep enough so the pegs do not flip out easily when under tension from the weaving.

N.b. For future looms I would suggest that a drill bit the same width as the pegs would work better as due to “drill wobble” the holes ended up a little larger than expected so the pegs were not held securely.

Step 3

Insert the dowel pegs into the loom and marvel at an instant piece of craft equipment!

Now: run the pencil along the loom base where the pegs go into the holes. This will mark the lowest point at which you can drill your threading holes.

Select a measurement that lies above this pencil line on all pegs (we used 2 inches) and mark this on the pegs.

Step 4

Using the 3mm drill bit, drill a hole through each peg at the measured line. These will look quite rough, so to make them look pretty (and to make it much easier to thread) …

Use the countersink bit to neaten the edges.

Step 5

Thread the loom with lengths of jute twine (more on measuring warps and weaving in another post).

If your pegs are wobbly, you can wedge them in using the twine as shown below.

Step 6

Weave away!

3 Comments leave one →
  1. Erin Leahy permalink
    August 3, 2017 9:33 pm

    I’ve only seen this demonstrated once for about 5 minutes about 5 years ago, so forgive me if my questions sound stupid.
    How much space needs to be set between the pegs? Is there a ratio between the distance and the size dowel used? I imagine if you’re using this with a finer thread, you’d use smaller dowels closer together?

    • March 6, 2019 7:46 pm

      I can see if anyone has ever replied to your question and it is not stupid, a curious person would ask the same. Basically it depends on you and what type of weaving you will be doing. The finer the fabric, the close together and the smaller the peg and hole. You and put several row of different size holes on the same peg board and make larger or smaller size pegs. Hope that is helpful.

  2. Kimberlee Poovey permalink
    February 20, 2021 9:51 pm

    Great tutorial, I’ve just made my own peg look and just making sure I made it correctly. So thank you for your great instructions. I’m ready to weave now!!

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